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Melasma also known as chloasma is a chronic skin condition that appears as darker-than-normal skin and found on both the cheeks with a irregular border.
Treatment Of Melasma
Melasma can be very slow to treatment. The pigment of melasma develops gradually, and resolution is also gradual. Melasma can fade on its own, particularly when the trigger causing it—such as pregnancy or oral contraceptive use ends.
The aim is to prevent new pigment formation by inhibiting formation of melanin by the melanocytes.
Out Patient Procedures
When topical medications do not work doctors suggest the use of outpatient procedures such as microdermabrasion ,chemical peel , cosmelan therapy and PRP.
At present there is no cure for melasma, but efforts to prevent it or improve the appearanceare successful
If melasma occurs during pregnancy, it may resolve a few months after delivery and treatment may not be necessary.
- The exact cause of melasma is unknown.
- The primary factors causing melasma are hormonal changes and external sun exposure.
- Other factors include pregnancy, hormonal drugs such as the oral contraceptive pill
- Medical conditions affecting hormones such as Hypothyroidism
- Sunshine and the use of sun-beds can make the tendency to melasma worse.
- Advised to discontinue hormonal contraception.
- Use of high protection factor(SPF 50+) sunscreen all over the face frequently if in outdoors during summer.
- Life long protection from the sun preferably wear a broad brimmed hat.
- Use a mild cleanser, and if the skin is dry, a light moisturiser.
- Make-up is invaluable to disguise the pigment.